The Color Wheel
- Primary colors include red, blue, and yellow. They are stand-alone colors, meaning they cannot be made from mixing other colors.
- Secondary colors include orange, purple, and green. These colors are created when mixed with the two primary colors that flank them. For example, red and yellow make orange, blue and yellow make green, and red and blue makes purple.
- Tertiary colors are the six shades that can be made by mixing primary and secondary colors. They are a blend of a secondary color and the primary color closest to it on the color wheel. They are not half and half blends, but rather a blend containing more of one color than another. Mixing the primary color yellow, with the secondary color orange, will give you the tertiary color yellow-orange. Another example would be red (primary) mixed with orange (secondary), which would make red-orange. Other tertiary colors are blue-green, yellow-green, blue-violet and red-violet.
The Relationship Between Colors and Neutrals
- Tint is the mixture of a saturated color with white, which increases lightness. All pastels would be considered a tint.
- Tone is the mixture of a saturated color with gray, making it slightly darker.
- Shade is the mixture of a saturated color with black, which reduces lightness. All muted colors would be considered shades.